Friday, March 2, 2012

Liberty Dodge Packard (1831-1895), Liberty Haven Hutchinson (1844-1882), Liberty Webster Foskett (1840-1920), Liberty Emery Holden (1833-1913), Liberty Eaton Fellows (1834-1912), Liberty Hall (1826-1891), Liberty Walkup (1844-1922)

   Today's profile will be the largest yet written, as I've managed to local several political figures with the given name Liberty! I'd also like to mention that each of these men have ample information available on themselves in the right places online, so that will make my job profiling them slightly easier! The first man to be profiled is Mr. Liberty Dodge Packard of Massachusetts. Besides having some truly impressive side whiskers and a name that brings to mind a car dealership, Packard was a highly regarded physician and public servant in his native county of Suffolk. 
  Liberty D. Packard was born on September 13, 1831, in North Bridgewater, Massachusetts, one of seven children born to Liberty (1808-1894) and Mary Dodge Packard (born 1810). Packard attended local schools and is recorded as attending the Adelphi Academy. He began studying medicine early in his life and was also tutored by Dr. Alexander Hinchborn of North Bridgewater. Packard eventually enrolled at the Harvard Medical School in 1860 and graduated with a degree in medicine from the Homeopathic Medical College of New York in 1862. On September 15, 1853, Liberty Packard married Ms. Lucy Ann Kingman (1830-1919), with whom he would have the following children: Ernest Kingman (1856-1877), Nellie Hall (born 1863), Lillie Mansfield (born 1863) and Mary Wallace (born 1869).
  Within months of his graduation from the Medical College Packard established a medical practice in East Boston and later moved his practice to the southern area of Boston, where he resided until his death. Sources of the time mention his caring demeanor and diligence when making house calls. The Illustrated History of South Boston, published in 1900, gives note that he "was a friend as well as physician to many families, and his books show thousands of calls made for sweet charity's sake." 

L.D. Packard during his legislative service, 1872.

   In addition to his medical practice, Dr. Packard gained local fame as a public official and educational benefactor. His name is listed amongst the past presidents of the Massachusetts Homeopathic Medical Society and also as a senior member of the American Institute of Homeopathy. From 1867-71, 1883 and 1888-1891 he was a member of the Boston School Board, eventually serving as the chairman of its South Boston division. His patronage of Boston's educational system is noted by the Illustrated History of South Boston as one of Packard's lasting attributes, stating that"hundreds of South Boston boys and girls have received their diplomas from his hand, and often he has been called "the teacher's friend"".
  While Packard was active in medical circles in the South Boston area, he would also enter the political life of that area. In 1872 he was elected to the Massachusetts General Court, representing Boston's 12th district. He served on the joint committee on Education and after his legislative service concluded in 1874 returned to practicing medicine. In his later years, Packard served as a visiting physician to the Perkins Institute for the Blind and later at the Massachusetts School for Feeble-Minded Children. He died at age 63 on January 5, 1895 in South Boston. The portrait of Packard shown above was discovered in the aforementioned Illustrated History of South Boston.

  This well-dressed gentleman is Mr. Liberty Haven Hutchinson, a Maine resident who served a brief term as Speaker of his state's House of Representatives. He was born in the town of Milan, New Hampshire on March 1, 1844, the son of Edwin and Elizabeth Flint Hutchinson. Liberty received his education in the schools of Coos County, New Hampshire and later graduated from the Bates College in 1871. 
  Shortly after completing his schooling Hutchinson began the study of law and saw tutelage under another strangely named political figure, Mandeville Treat Ludden (who would later go on to serve in the Maine State Senate). Hutchinson passed the Maine state bar exam in 1872 and soon after opened a law practice in the city of Lewiston. 
  Hutchinson's career in law gained him high praise throughout the Androscoggin County area, and a source of the time notes that a close friend and law partner of his (future Maine Supreme Court justice Albert Russell Savage) was so taken with their friendship that he named his eldest son in honor of him! In addition to the aforementioned accolade, Hutchinson also held a seat on the Lewiston school board for a number of years.
  Liberty Hutchinson's successful career as an attorney eventually led to his being nominated for a seat in the Maine State House of Representatives. He won election to this body in 1879 and served here for three years. In his last year of service, he was named as Speaker of the House by a unanimous vote and was still in this position at the time of his death on September 9, 1882. He was only 38 years old and no available source explicitly states what claimed his life at such as young age. Most of the information on Hutchinson was gathered from the 1910 work Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of the State of Massachusetts, but even this book fails to mention his cause of death.
  In a small addendum to this passage, it seems that a penchant for odd names ran in the Hutchinson family. Liberty H. Hutchinson had a younger brother named Freedom (born in August 1847) who also engaged in the practice of law and later served as a city councilman in Newton, Massachusetts!

   Next up is Mr. Liberty Webster Foskett, a resident of Cheshire County, New Hampshire who served multiple terms in his state's House of Representatives. I first discovered Foskett's name in the 1901 Souvenir of New Hampshire Legislators and the portrait of him above was located there as well. Born in Winchendon, Massachusetts on February 8, 1840, Liberty W. Foskett was the son of Asaph and Lovice Albee Foskett. He attended schools native to the Winchendon area and saw action during the Civil War as a member of the 36th Regiment of the Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. He relocated to Keene, New Hampshire after his military service, although no source gives the exact year of his resettlement.
   Foskett married on February 1, 1870, in Keene to Ms. Eliza M. Kendall (1845-1928), and it is unknown at the time of this writing if any children were born to the couple. Following his marriage and relocation, Foskett became active in various fraternal organizations in his new home, including the local G.A.R. Post and serving later as the Grand Master of the local International Order of Odd Fellows lodge. In 1893 the citizens of Cheshire County elected him to the New Hampshire State House of Representatives, where he represented Ward 2 of the town of Keene. He was subsequently reelected to the legislature for a few more terms, the last of which concluded in 1903.
   Liberty Foskett's life after leaving state government is a complete mystery, although it is known that he died in Keene on April 14, 1923, at age 83. A burial location for him is also unknown at this time.

   The fourth Liberty to be profiled here is Liberty Emery Holden, a prominent Ohio publisher and man of affairs. The political offices Holden held  (a two time Democratic National Convention delegate) are comparatively minor to the other men profiled here, but I couldn't help but include him! Holden was a renaissance man in the true sense of the word, and during his eighty years of life was actively involved as an educator, publisher, businessman, mining magnate, civic leader and public official.
  Holden was born in Maine on June 20, 1833, and studied at the Waterville College before relocating to Michigan in 1856. He graduated from the University of Michigan and soon thereafter began a professorship at the Kalamazoo College. Holden's stay in Michigan was short-lived, as he relocated to Tiffin, Ohio in 1861 to accept the position of Superintendent of Schools. He removed to the city of Cleveland in 1862 and soon began dabbling in real estate transactions.
  Holden's move to Cleveland proved to be a boon to his public profile, and throughout the succeeding years, he had a hand in a variety of public ventures in the city. In addition to his earlier real estate interests, Holden also took an active involvement in Cleveland's educational system. He served as the East Cleveland school board president for nearly nine years and was instrumental in the founding of the city high school. 
  In 1872 Holden began involving himself in the construction and development of iron ore mines near Lake Superior. Within a few short years he became president of both the Pittsburgh and Lake Angeline mines, both prodigious producers of iron ore. In the mid 1870s, Holden began to look beyond Ohio for new mining interests and found that the Utah Territory fit the bill perfectly.  He removed to Utah in 1876 and during his four-year residency in that state became one of the largest silver/lead producers in the United States.

                                    Looking dapper with his cane and hat, Liberty Holden as he appeared in 1902.      

    While still attentive to his mining pursuits, Liberty Holden became a founder of the Salt Lake Academy in Salt Lake City and eventually served as its president. He returned to Cleveland in 1880 and being the renaissance man that he was, soon began pursuing a new interest: publishing. In 1884 he and a group of investors acquired the Cleveland Plain Dealer for $100,000 and under his ownership, the Plain Dealer grew into "one of the largest, most liberal and influential papers in the United States." During his stewardship of the Plain Dealer, Holden was able to advocate the tenets of bimetallism (reflecting his earlier silver mine interests) and espouse opinions on other pertinent topics of the time. 
  It wasn't until 1888 that Holden was named to his first public office, that of an Ohio delegate to the 1888 Democratic National Convention. He was named to this position again eight years later, and at that year's convention proudly supported candidate William Jennings Bryan (another prominent advocate of bimetallism). 
   Even in his twilight years, Holden remained an active citizen of Cleveland, being a founder of both the Western Reserve Historical Society as well as the Cleveland Museum of Art. In the early 1900s, he was elected as the Mayor of the village of Bratenahl, Ohio, serving one term. Liberty E. Holden died at age 80 on August 26, 1913 and was buried in the Lake View Cemetery in Cleveland.

   Liberty number five is Iowa state senator Liberty Eaton Fellows, who was born in Corinth, Vermont on August 22, 1834. Arguably the most obscure of the six gentlemen profiled in this article, most of the information on Fellows was found in the historical subsection of the Iowa Legislature website. This database received high praise in my article on Iowa representative McKercher J. Randall back on February 19 and it has come to my rescue once again in regards to Mr. Fellows! 
  As mentioned earlier, Fellows was a Vermonter by birth and received his education in his home county of Orange. In 1857 he resettled in Iowa and on Independence Day 1861 married Mary Sophronia Reed, a native of Allamakee County. Eleven children were eventually born to the couple and Liberty supported his large family through farming pursuits as well as a teaching career. Fellows also began studying law during this time and was admitted to the Iowa state bar in 1862. 
   Three years after entering into his profession, the citizens of Allamakee County elected Fellows to a seat in the Iowa State House of Representatives. He took his seat in January 1866 and at the conclusion of his term in 1868 was elected to the state senate, where he served two terms. In addition to his terms in the Iowa legislature, Fellows is listed as being involved in other aspects of Iowa public life, including stints as Past Grand Master of the Iowa Masonic Lodge and being a member of the Board of Trustees for the Insane Asylum in Mt. Pleasant.
   After leaving the Senate in 1872 Fellows returned to his earlier profession as an attorney. In 1889 public office once again beckoned to him and in that year he was named as Judge for Iowa's 13th Judicial District. He served on the bench until his death at age 77 on July 17, 1912. The Iowa Grand Lodge Bulletin (where the above picture of Fellows was located) gives note that his death was as a result of pneumonia, which he had contracted the previous winter. Fellows was survived by his wife Mary, who died at age 83 in 1922. Both were subsequently buried in the Oak Hill Cemetery in Lansing, Iowa.

  In this April 10, 2012 update to Liberty Eaton Fellows' article, I want to give a big thank you to a very helpful reader named Kitty who posted on the SNIAPH Facebook page. Kitty also graciously provided me with a portrait of Liberty E. Fellows that I had never seen before, and that very photograph has been posted above. Its really is amazing that there are other people out there that are doing research on some of these infinitely obscure people and its even more exciting to note that they manage to stumble across my own odd little corner of the internet here!

  The bearded gentleman pictured above is Liberty Hall, a Minnesota resident who is as equally obscure as the man who preceded him here! Hall was a native of Maine, being born in Oxford County on July 27, 1826, the son of Jeremiah and Sarah Knight Hall. 
  Liberty Hall received a common school education in his native Maine and in 1854 married Rochester, New York native Maria Cobb. this union eventually produced five children, three of who lived to adulthood: Clifford F., Harry L., and a daughter Maria. It has also been found that Hall remarried at some point late in his life to a Miss Lenora Ricker. The Minnesota Legislative Reference Library (where some of this information was found) also lists him as a book agent prior to his political service.
   Liberty Hall relocated to Minnesota in 1866 and is listed in the History of Minnesota, Volume 4 as the publisher of the Glencoe Register newspaper. In 1871, he was elected to the Minnesota State House of Representatives from McLeod County but was unable to take his seat due to his opponent (Lawrence Gillick) contesting his election. This electoral quagmire was later settled and Hall took his seat in January 1872. During his short stint in the legislature, Hall served on the committee on education and was remarked as doing "noble work in assisting to raise the standard of the public schools of McLeod County."
   Hall left the legislature in January of 1873 and in 1877 was a candidate for the Minnesota State Senate. The election proved to be a nail-biter, with Hall losing by only 15o votes.
  Liberty Hall died in McLeod County at age 64 on June 21, 1891. The rare portrait of him shown above was discovered in a Minnesota State Atlas published in 1874. This atlas also contains a large sketch of the Hall homestead in the village of Glencoe, Minnesota.

                         This humorous article on Liberty Hall appeared in the NY Times in 1877.

From "Rockford Today", published 1903.

   Next up is the outstandingly named Illinois resident Liberty Walkup, a man who exemplifies the definition of "renaissance man". If the name "Liberty Walkup" isn't familiar to you, it should be. Mr. Walkup is often credited as the inventor of the airbrush (more on that later) and in addition to this invaluable work was also a Civil War veteran, bible salesman, artist, and arts instructor. Walkup earns a place here on the site due to his 1912 candidacy for the Illinois State Senate on the Prohibition Party platform.
  Born on July 14, 1844, in Pine Creek, Illinois, Liberty Walkup was the son of Samuel (1811-1890) and Sophia Ruggles Walkup (1819-1883). His odd first name is given note in the Rockford, Illinois history entitled Rockford of Today, published in 1903. This work notes that it was an "old family name and was brought to this country by Puritan fathers. The parents of Mr. Walkup in bestowing this name upon their son conveyed an heirloom to him of high distinction, of which he has reason to be proud".
  Liberty Walkup attended schools local to  Ogle County, Illinois and in 1862 signed on for service in the Civil War, enlisting in Co. K of the 92nd Regiment Illinois Volunteers. He was injured during his service and was honorably discharged in 1863, whereafter he returned to Illinois. He later removed to Iowa, where in 1869 he married to Phoebe C. Johnson (1849-1926), with whom he had one daughter, Eva Alberta Walkup (1869-1872). During the 1870s Walkup is recorded as teaching school and was later employed as a bible salesman for a short period of time.
  Walkup relocated back to Illinois in 1881, settling in the city of Rockford. Around this same time in Iowa, a certain Abner Peeler was putting the finishing touches on a new invention of his called a "Paint Distributor", in reality, the first airbrush. Mr. Peeler sold the rights to his invention over to Liberty Walkup and his brother Charles in April of 1882 for the price of $700 for the invention's design, and a further $150 for two prototypes that Peeler had made. Charles Walkup eventually lost interest in the venture, leaving his younger brother to build on the purchase they had made. 
  Liberty Walkup established the Airbrush Manufacturing Company in his hometown of Rockford in 1883, and in the succeeding years it grew into a highly successful business, with the Rockford of Today noting in 1903 that "there is no product of Rockford's many industries that is more widely known or highly appreciated." In 1884 Walkup patented the production model airbrush and in 1886 was awarded the prestigious Elliott Cresson Medal from the Franklin Institute for his improvements to the airbrush. Several years after winning this medal Walkup founded the Airbrush Journal, a periodical devoted to his trade.

  In 1912 Walkup became a candidate of the Prohibition Party for a seat in the Illinois State Senate. Running to represent Illinois' 10th District, he was one of four candidates vying for the seat, and on election day came in fourth place with only 768 votes. A result from that election appeared in the 1912 Illinois Blue Book and is shown above. Walkup passed away a decade later on October 19, 1922, at the age of 78 and was interred at the Mt. Zion Cemetery in Oregon, Ogle County, Illinois. Phoebe Johnson Walkup survived her husband by four years, dying in 1926 at age 76 and was also buried at Mt. Zion.


  1. Thanks for the article on the Liberty's. Liberty Eaton Fellows is my great grand uncle. He & his siblings are a great help to the amateur genealogist, as their names are Liberty, Corydon, Lurana, Josephina, Corolin & Hubbard (my gr gr grandfather).
    Patti Fellows Devlin

    1. Thank you for having a look! Liberty E. Fellows's article has proven to be a very popular one here on the site, and a few months ago I was sent a new portrait of him by another of his descendants, and that very picture is posted above. Truly fascinating how history can connect people!

  2. Liberty Foskett,